Nothing is softer or more flexible than water, yet nothing can resist it.
Overview of Water
Water is can be defined as the liquid that descends from the clouds as rain, forms streams, lakes, and sea which is an odorless, tasteless, very slightly compressible liquid oxide of hydrogen H2O. It mainly occurs in a solid state, gaseous state and also in some different forms such as snow, glaciers, icebergs, clouds, fog, dew, aquifers, and atmospheric humidity.
Availability of Water
About 71% of Earth is covered by water, however out of this only 2.5% is drinkable. It is mainly found in seas, oceans, groundwater, glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies, air as vapor, clouds, and precipitation.
Necessity of Water
It is the most essential substance for living organism like plants. humans and animals to survive. In other words, without the availability of it, there will be no life on Earth. It is not crucial for drinking purpose only it has a wide scope like for cooking, washing their bodies, washing clothes, washing utensils, keeping houses and communities clean and keeping plants alive in gardens and parks.
Its usage is not limited to living organisms only is also essential in producing electricity through Hydroelectric power technology that is the large body of water is stored in reservoirs and it gets released through reservoirs which spins the turbines to generate electricity.
Pollution of Water
Pollution is the contamination of water bodies which is being created by humans or another reason can be the presence of toxic chemicals and biological agents in groundwater that exceeds what is naturally found in the water and may pose a threat to human health and/or the environment.
Scarcity of Water
It is the availability of fresh drinking water than the demand for water. It is affecting every continent and is increasing on daily basis. Ideally, Its scarcity is being driven by two converging phenomena: growing freshwater use and depletion of usable freshwater resources.
Preservation / Conservation
Strategies and policies being implemented by administration or governing bodies to preserve it. It also involves managing the natural habitat by minimizing the usage by humans through the fresh groundwater to be utilized by other living organisms like wildlife and plants.
The amount of requirement depends on the activity you do like physical activity, age, health, and atmospheric conditions. However, intake of 2.7 ltr for adult women and 3.7 ltr for adult men is being considered adequate for daily body requirement.
A tiny step to safe water misuse can give us more years to be alive and enhance our natural neighboring habitat.