Diabetes is a disease in which a person has high blood glucose because of inadequate production of insulin or body cell doesn’t respond to the insulin production. It is mostly of two types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is usually developed in children and teenagers, whereas type 2 is developed in adults. Pancreas release insulin for the proper secretion of glucose in the cells to form energy however, it doesn’t function properly in case of diabetic affected patients.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Its symptoms vary from person to person as many factors affect the development of Diabetes in humans. Studies have reported some of the common symptoms which have been specified here:

  1. Increased Thirst
  2. Frequent Urination
  3. Fatigueness
  4. Extreme Hunger
  5. Slow Healing of Wounds
  6. Weight Loss
  7. Loss of Eyesight or Blurry vision
  8. Low Immunity
  9. Erectile Dysfunction
  10. Nausea or Dizziness

It is advisable to consult your specialist if you may observe any of the above symptoms for a prolonged time.

Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes is caused by many factors and it may vary from type 1 to type 2. Some of the common causes of have been specified here:

  1. Hereditary – Your genes play a vital role in developing diabetes. If you have a family history then you are at risk and should take the precautions
  2. Obesity – If you are overweight then you may develop diabetes as stored fat cells affect the proper functioning of pancreas and other vital organs
  3. High Blood Pressure – Recent studies have proven that high blood pressure patients have shown the signs of developing diabetes so it is advisable to monitor your sugar level along with blood pressure
  4. Poor Nutrition – If you consume the diet with high sugar and complex carbohydrate then you may develop diabetes as it may reduce the sensitivity of insulin level in the body
  5. Hormonal disease – Some of the hormonal diseases has shown positive results in developing insulin resistance and diabetes in the body such as Cushing syndrome, Acromegaly, and Hyperthyroidism
  6. Pancreatic Cancer – It can harm all the beta cells to produce insulin in the body resulting in Diabetes
  7. Lack of Exercise – Muscles tissue respond better to insulin and if you don’t do any physical activity to stay fit such as resistance training, aerobic, and walk then you may develop diabetes due to the absence of healthy muscle tissues in the body
  8. Pregnancy – Hormonal changes and sudden weight gain can cause diabetes which is known as gestational diabetes. As the placenta produces insulin-blocking hormones and this might change the blood sugar levels in the body
  9. Medication – Some medications have shown the effects of developing high blood sugar levels in the body such as anti-seizure drugs, psychiatric drugs, HIV drugs, and pentamidine
  10. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome -Patients suffering this syndrome develop resistance to insulin levels in the body causing Diabetes type 2

Treatment for Diabetes

Endocrinologists are specialists in treating diabetes. It is advisable to take medical advice followed by a complete health check-up to identify the cause of the high blood sugar level as its course of action varies according to the cause. Some of the known treatment has been specified here:

  1. Managing weight – If you are overweight according to your height than first priority is to get into shape as it helps in controlling blood sugar level naturally
  2. Balanced diet – It is highly recommended to avoid food rich in starch and sugar level. You should take a small portion of the meal after every 2 hours to keep your body energy level and hunger level balanced
  3. Avoid Grains – Gluten present in grains especially wheat can cause intestinal inflammation, which affects hormones like cortisol and leptin, and can lead to spikes in blood sugar. You should avoid using grains with gluten to control blood sugar level
  4. Cinnamon – It helps in preventing and combating diabetes because of the bioactive composition which stimulates the insulin in the body and thus regulates the blood sugar levels
  5. Aloe Vera – Due to the anti-inflammatory properties it helps in controlling the blood sugar level. It is recommended to consume aloe vera with buttermilk for best results
  6. Black Plum – It has shown tremendous results in lowering blood sugar levels and controlling diabetes
  7. Apple Cider VinegarACV helps in balancing insulin sensitivity and is recommended to consume 20 gms of ACV with water to get best results

Disclaimer: Nothing in this article is to be construed as medical advice, nor it is intended to replace the recommendations of a medical professional. For specific questions, please consult a specialist for the advice.

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